French researchers found that a flavanoid called phloridzin that is found only in apples may protect post-menopausal women from osteoporosis and may also increase bone density. Boron, another ingredient in apples, also strengthens bones.
One recent study shows that children with asthma who drank apple juice on a daily basis suffered from less wheezing than children who drank apple juice only once per month. Another study showed that children born to women who eat a lot of apples during pregnancy have lower rates of asthma than children whose mothers ate few apples.
The pectin in apples lowers Low Density Lipoprotein (“bad”) cholesterol. People who eat two apples per day may lower their cholesterol by as much as 16 percent.
Lung Cancer Prevention
According to a study of 10,000 people, those who ate the most apples had a 50 percent lower risk of developing lung cancer. Researchers believe this is due to the high levels of the flavonoids quercetin and naringin in apples.
Breast Cancer Prevention
A Cornell University study found that rats who ate one apple per day reduced their risk of breast cancer by 17 percent. Rats fed three apples per day reduced their risk by 39 percent and those fed six apples per day reduced their risk by 44 percent.
Liver Cancer Prevention
Research found that rats fed an extract from apple skins had a 57 percent lower risk of liver cancer.
The pectin in apples supplies galacturonic acid to the body which lowers the body’s need for insulin and may help in the management of diabetes.
A Brazilian study found that women who ate three apples or pears per day lost more weight while dieting than women who did not eat fruit while dieting.
Nutritional Value & Other Benefits
The health benefits of apples are:
- Fiber-rich which gently encourage regularity, improve the ability of the intestinal muscles to move waste through and help lower cholesterol levels.
- Apples regulate blood sugar against hypoglycemia and diabetes.
- They keep blood glucose levels up to help you feel full longer during a weight loss diet.
- Apples reduce your risk of colds and flu.
Nutritionally apples are rich in pectin fiber which binds to and help eliminates gut toxins, keeping the GI tract healthy and smooth.
Green apples have more pectin; pectin is a stimulant like caffeine. Apples are a good source of vitamin A carotenes for antioxidant activity, the flavonoid quercitin plus vitamin C.
Basic Chemistry of an Apple
The apple is the pomaceous fruit of the apple tree, species Malus domestica in the rose family (Rosaceae). It is one of the most widely cultivated tree fruits, and the most widely known of the many members of genus Malus that are used by humans. Apples are a quintessential food for health.
They are low in fat, low in calorie and an enzyme rich energy food which helps break down and digest other foods.
|Nutrients: Content per 100 g|
|Energy 229 kJ (54 kcal)||Vitamins||Tyr 5 mg|
|Water 85.3 g||Carotene 45 µg||Val 12 mg|
|Protein 0.3 g||Vitamin E 490 µg|
|Lipids 0.4 g||Vitamin K 0-5 µg||Carbohydrates|
|Carbohydrate 11.8 g||Vitamin B1 35 µg||Glucose 2210 mg|
|Organic acids 0.6 g||Vitamin B2 30 µg||Fructose 6040 mg|
|Fiber 2.3 g||Nicotinamide 300 µg||Sucrose 2470 mg|
|Minerals 0.3 g||Pantothenic acid 100 µg||Starch 600 mg|
|Vitamin B6 45 µg||Sorbit 510 mg|
|Minerals||Biotin 1-8 µg|
|Sodium 3 mg||Folic acid 7 µg||Lipids|
|Potassium 145 mg||Vitamin C 12 mg||Palmitic acid 50 mg|
|Magnesium 6 mg||Stearic acid 10 mg|
|Calcium 7 mg||Amino Acids||Oleic acid 20 mg|
|Manganese 65 µg||Arg 8 mg||Linolic acid 100 mg|
|Iron 480 µg||His 6 mg||Linoleic acid 20 mg|
|Copper 100 µg||Ile 10 mg|
|Zinc 120 µg||Leu 16 mg||Other|
|Phosphorus 12 mg||Lys 15 mg||Malic acid 550 mg|
|Chloride 2 mg||Met 3 mg||Citric acid 16 mg|
|Fluoride 7 µg||Phe 9 mg||Oxalic acid 500 µg|
|Iodine 2 µg||Thr 8 mg||Salicylic acid 310 µg|
|Selenium 1-6 µg||Trp 2 mg||Purines 3 mg|