In the modern age, electricity has become utmost need for survival of life in this world.without it every sector of alive become dame.now a days electricity play a very important role in growth of economy and progress of any country.Evey thing is directly linked with it. All markets plazas,hospitals cinemas,offices,college universities,factory,mills and industry depend on it.we can irrigate out agriculture without it,wheel of industries stand still.house plunged into, darkness.shortage of energy adversely affecting the industries and agriculture productions.its is minor constrain.
Let us discus the main causes of load shedding
Firstly,water level n lakes of the dams likes Mangala, Tarbela Warsak, Rasule, Malakund,etc,is at times very low, as a result, the generation of power suffers a great deal. Then we have not constructed as Main dams we need, for example, the project of Kala Bagh dam has fallen a victim to political controversy, if ti is constricted, will not abridge the demand and supply gape of electricity but also meet our industrial needs.
Major portion of electricity is produced form oil, gas, coal,this method is called thermal power. It is very expensive to generate the energy that is not bearable of poor public. Due to this every government go to deficit financing. The production cost is 18RS per Unit but it is supplied at 12 RS Per unit. So that govt is unable to set up the new plant due to inadequacy of finance. These are very dear to build it and govt is unable to construct on large scale.
Developed countries are producing their major part form come into use the atomic resources but Pakistan is not utilizing these resources to meet our need.Mor0ever,world power pressuring us don to use of such power project.secondly,it requires a lot of care. Perhaps these measurement will not be taken in Pakistan.
Setting up of new factories and mechanization of agriculture demand of power is increasing,but the supply of electricity is falling short of demand at an increasing rate every year.
Every year thousand of villages are electrified and new colonies in urban areas are supplied with electricity.this also a causes an increase in the demand for electricity.
standard of living has become high.people use luxuries goods like AC,fridge water cooler,and fans..these goods works with the help of electricity which become the cause of increase of consumption. every work is done by light.millions of electronic goods come in market and sale out.people are these goods blindly with out any cautions.in one house there will be found many ac and fans.
Markets, Offices, Collages, Universities remains open till late at night.it is main cause of short fall. No benefit is taken from sun light in a day.
Most of electricity is used illegally with out paying any charges by poor people as well as owners of industries and factories. Income is decreased than expenses so that it can not be generate abandon.
If these measures should be taken we can overcome this issue.
- More Dames should be set up .
- Offices, markets,marriage hall,colleges must be closed till 8pm.
- Govt should find alternate sources for energy production by constitute the research center
- Production from soler system and bio gas should be enhanced at public level as well as individual level. Govt must encourage this system by providing the technical expertise and finance .
- Public should be awared about the importance of electricity through advertisement and increase the education system.from this action awareness will be enhanced at public level.
- Sources of production should be increased to keep in mind the present and future needs.
- New connection of electricity should be band until to fulfill the current requirement.
- If Govt can not mange it properly so contract should be made with foreign investor like China.